Jordan Lindsey '17, Risks of Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs in Policy and Development.
In light of the growing interdependency of global events, the importance of political practices and strategies is becoming increasingly consequential on policy and development. Public diplomacy and public affairs are two such practices. Because of their close relationship with deceptive propaganda practices in attributes such as organization, concern with the action of their audiences, and consistent exposure to their audiences, public diplomacy and public affairs practices carry intrinsic risks toward global policy and development. Despite these similarities, the attention payed toward propaganda studies, and studies of public diplomacy and public affairs are hardly comparable. In this essay, using primary examples in the United States and China, I argue for the connection between public diplomacy, public affairs, and propaganda. Then, after exposing some of the risks toward political systems these connections carry, I conclude that more research and analysis of public diplomacy and public affairs practices should be employed in order to maintain accountability in their practices. This is in the hopes that the attention may help prevent the potential manipulation of both domestic and international audiences in political decisions—especially those in policy and development.
Christopher Looper '18, Challenging the Idea of a Uniquely Post-1956 Japanese New Left: An Examination of Japanese Leftist Youth Organizations from 1948-1972.
This essay critically examines predominantly held opinions on the historical origin of Japanese leftist radicalism during the 1960s and 1970s. Rather than viewing Japan’s radical youth of the 1960s as a product of the New Left ideology that characterized many leftist movements during the same time period, this essay explores the historical changes in Japanese Marxist ideology and Marxist youth organizations as a result of the end of World War II and the American occupation of Japan. I argue that Japan’s loss in World War II and the occupation of Japan had a deeper influence on Japan’s 1960s and 1970s radical movements than the New Left movement that characterized most Western Marxist movements. This essay questions the legitimacy of referring to these Japanese radical movements as the “Japanese New Left” and concludes that the dominant generalization of these movements as being within the “New Left” ignores both the historical conditions that gave rise to the surge in Japanese leftist radicalism in the 1960s and the historical conditions that led to the New Left itself in 1956.
Ting Chang '19, Voting Convenience in the U.S. and Taiwan.
This paper investigates the absentee balloting system in both the U.S. and Taiwan, including its origins, constitutional principles, implicit social values, and related arguments. Based on the geographic conditions, the fast food culture, and the belief in equality, the U.S. has legislated absentee balloting, which can be operated via early voting or vote-by-mail. Nevertheless, the 2000 presidential election has revealed the potential risks of absentee balloting. On the other hand, unlike the voting process in the United States, Taiwan does not permit citizens living outside Taiwan, let alone citizens who live a different region of their voting registration to participate in an absentee ballot. This forces individuals who want to vote to physically vote in polling stations located within their region of registration. Although voices have advocated absentee balloting in Taiwan, the political competition between the two main parties has been the major obstacle. In the end of the paper, the author concludes with hopes that Taiwan will realize a more efficient and democratic system, allowing for individuals to participate in an absentee ballot voting system.
Haruka Kawasaki '20, The Origin of the Forgotten A-Bomb City, Nagasaki.
Driven by the death of his great grandfather in Nagasaki’s radiation, the author of this paper has researched the atomic bombings. The purpose of this paper is to answer the question, “why does the Nagasaki atom bomb receive less attention than the Hiroshima bomb from the people in Japan and around the world?” One answer might be because it lacks a famous symbol like the Hiroshima A-Bomb Dome. A more convincing answer might be that America cannot justify the bombing of Nagasaki, and therefore, America has avoided focusing public attention on the attack. Considering that the atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki was probably unnecessary, this action becomes more worthy of moral condemnation. We might expect that because Nagasaki bombing had less ethical rationale, it should be talked about more than Hiroshima, but the opposite is true. To transmit a true history of the atomic bombings for posterity, we need to pay more attention to the history of Nagasaki’s suffering, which has been neglected.