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Spring 2017

Tan Cai May '18Investigating Malaysia’s Success as a Semi-Democratic Country.

Malaysia is a country that has defied many democratic theories and trends over time to be an outlier. It has proven that as an electoral authoritarian country, it can still be successful in terms of economic and social development by providing the quality of country performance that is characteristic of many democratic countries. It begs at the question of whether this authoritarian regime works just as fine as other less successful but more democratic countries. The success of Malaysia can be attributed to its stability because Malaysia has already consolidated into a semi-democratic regime that works well in the Malaysian context of having distinct and divided identities. This paper will look at how Malaysia is not a democracy, why it is successful, the causes of its success and what these causes say about the state of democracy in Malaysia today.

Hayato Yamashita '18The Senegalese Democracy Analysis.

Senegalese society is well-known as democratic and politically stable in spite of the fact that the country is surrounded by authoritarian neighboring countries. In order to investigate how Senegal was able to democratize and become one of the few democratic African countries, this paper first measures the Senegalese current democracy level and explains why the regime is considered an electoral democracy. Secondly, returning to the French colonial era, it analyzes a cause of democracy. Thirdly, this paper investigates the slow transition to democracy by explaining the bridge from the post-independence era until today. Finally, this paper examines social factors that can sustain or degrade democracy and concludes that, although it is difficult to foresee the future path of democratic transition because of the complicated relations among those social factors, civil society is a key to direct its democratic path. 

Samikchhya Bhusal '19Rapid Motorization in Kathmandu.

The city of Kathmandu, Nepal has witnessed a rapid rise of motorization from 1990 until today. This paper aims to explore the factors responsible for the increased motorization in Kathmandu. The results of the study revealed that five major factors are causing increased motorization in Kathmandu: (1) rapid population growth, (2) unmet travel demands, (3) poor public transportation, (4) vehicle-centric road infrastructure, and (5) increased affordability. In response to Kathmandu’s increasing motorization and other transport-related problems, the government of Nepal began the Kathmandu Sustainable Urban Transport Project (KSUTP). The findings of this paper suggest that KSUTP in itself is not a comprehensive solution to curb Kathmandu’s motorization. From a planner’s perspective, Kathmandu city requires a comprehensive plan that emphasizes non-motorized transport and improved public transport. Kathmandu’s transport planning should resonate with the transport needs and the economic situation of the city.

Kazumi Takaishi '20The Relation between Overpopulation in India and Environmental Impacts.

The world population is recently approximately 7.4 billion: China and India occupy 33.3% of the world population. India, for example, is a density populated country. Therefore, overpopulation puts pressure on natural resources in India. As a result, environmental issues, such as pollution, climate change, and deforestation, have been problematic in India. This paper attempted to demonstrate the issues of overpopulation and its surrounding environmental consequences. Overpopulation, for instance, has led to less available agricultural land areas, resulting in overuse of chemical fertilizers. In addition, excessive use of chemical fertilizers has affected water contamination, causing public health issues and the loss of fish diversity. Moreover, India has suffered from lacking sanitation systems. With regard to solutions, female education is associated with the lower fertility rates in India. Although education would solve overpopulation and its related environmental issues, India’s caste systems should be addressed because more than 200 million people who are considered Untouchable are not allowed to attend school. 

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